African people arrive in America in the late summer of 1619

In 1619 we have the first recorded documentation of African captives arriving in Jamestown Virginia. They arrived on a Dutch ship and they numbered about 20 people. The records are unclear if they were considered slaves or indentured servants.  There are earlier accounts of Blacks in America as explorers and Spanish conquistadors.  One such example is Esteban de Dorantes, or Esteban the Moor. Esteban was a native African who was enslaved as a Youth by the Portuguese and then sold to the Spanish.  In 1527 he was part of an expedition to establish a colony in Florida.

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